Urban Phrenology: Amsterdam

Phrenology map of the Amsterdam minded brain
Close up Amsterdam minded person



The pseudoscience of phrenology applied to the brain of an Amsterdam minded person.


Phrenology (from Greek: φρήν, phrēn, “mind”; and λόγος, logos, “knowledge”) is a pseudoscience primarily focused on measurements of the human skull, based on the concept that the brain is the organ of the mind, and that certain brain areas have localized, specific functions or modules.  Although both of those ideas have a basis in reality, phrenology extrapolated beyond empirical knowledge in a way that departed from science. Developed by German physician Franz Joseph Gall in 1796, the discipline was very popular in the 19th century.


Pencil and pen on paper
50 x 40cm